About the Democratic Republic of the Congo


Background

The Democratic Republic of Congo is a country besieged by a brutal decades-long war. It has been reported that more than 5 million people have died from the violence, famine, and disease in the Congo. This web of violent conflict is often referred to as Africa’s world war. It is a complex situation that began with colonialism, was further complicated by the brutal dictatorship of Colonel Joseph Mobutu, and was exacerbated in 1994 by the massive inflow of Rwandan genocide refugees.

In 2005, the United Nations was called in to restore peace between the Congolese army, foreign-backed rebels, and local militias. Unfortunately, in 2010, the UN Security Council decided that the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) will end its deployment to the Democratic Republic of Congo on June 30, 2011. Today, sadly, the conflict continues as various national armies and militias continue to fight for control of mining resources.